Bago region is situated on the south of central valley area. Its borders on the north with Magwe region and Mandalay region, on the east with Kayin state, Mon state and Gulf of Matarban, on the south with Yangon region and on the west with Ayeyarwady region and Rakhine state. It has an area of 15214 sq.miles.
Except for Bago Yoma in the middle of the region and the westernmost part, all parts of the Bago region are lowlands and plains. On the east is the farthest part of Eastern plateau with ranges high over 1,500 feet and at some places they are high over 3,000 feet. The western border is Padaung township with Rakhine Yoma. Some peaks in this region are nearly 4,000 feet high. Bago Yoma range in the middle has an average height of fewer than 2,000 feet which extend from north to south between Ayeyarwady and Sittaung rivers. Bago Yoma lowers down towards south gradually and it goes into Yangon region. Rivers inside Bago region are Ayeyarwady, Sittaung, Bago and Myit Makha.
Bago region falls in the hot zone and its rainfall decrease from South to North. The southern part has Monsoon while the North has savannah climate. In places close to the sea, the temperature difference between the coldest and hottest months is lesser, while on the north the difference is more. From mid-May to the end of October is the rainy season. Bamar are the majority who live in Bago region and the rest includes Kayin, Mon, Shan, and Pa-O. Myanmar language has been used commonly and other dialects are also used by these natives.
Bago, formerly known as Hanthawaddy of Mon Kingdom in the 15th century is located about 80 km from Yangon. At about 825 AD, Thamala and Wimala, the two princes from Thaton came and set up Bago city. In the 13th century AD, Bago became the capital of Mon state. Today Bago has become the capital of Bago region. Among the many places of cultural heritage include the Shwemawdaw Pagoda, the huge reclining Buddha of Shwetharlyaung, the four giant Buddha images of Kyaikpun Pagoda and the excavation site and restoration work of Kanbawzathadi, the palace of famous King Bayintnaung.
Bago has been popular for its cheroot industry. Different brands of cheroot are produced in Bago and other products include rice, dried fishes and handicrafts. To Bago, one can go by car or train from Yangon. It will take about 2 hours.