It is situated in the middle part of Myanmar bordering Sagaing region on the north, Shan state on the east, Bago region and Kayin state on the south and Magway region on the west. Except for eastern plateau, other areas are in the dry zone in the middle part of Myanmar. Mandalay region has an area of 14,294 sq.miles.
As Mandalay is in the middle part of Myanmar, its lowlands generally have an average altitude of 500 feet. But the eastern boundary includes Shan plateau which has ranges and mountains. Mountains near Mogok are over 7,000 feet and Moe Hti mountain, east of Yemethin, is about 4,600 feet high. Mount Popa which is on the northernmost part of Bago Yoma range is 4,981 feet high. Near Mandalay City are the two hills called Mandalay hill and Yankin hill. The plains cover three-quarter of Mandalay region. Main rivers are Ayeyarwady, Myit Nge, Zawgyi, Paunglaung, and Samon.
Mandalay region which is long from south to north and includes low and high mountains have different climates. On its highlands, the weather is moderate in the hot season and considerably cold in winter. In the hottest month of April, it’s average temperature is between 70′-75’F. Coldest months have an average temperature of below 60’F while the lowest is between 32’F and 40’F. In the plains average temperature of the hottest month is about 88’F while the daytime temperature rises from 105′-110’F.
Average annual rainfall of Mogok is over 100 inches, and Pyin Oo Lwin has over 60 inches. Mandalay has 32-34 inches only but on Mount, Popa rainfall is over 40 inches. In Mandalay live the majority Bamar while in the eastern highlands including Pyin Oo Lwin, Bamar, Shan and Danu people live. There are few lowlands living Chin people (Ah Sho Chins) in Leway and Pyinmana townships. Myanmar is the common language and other dialects are also spoken. The majority of people Buddhist by birth. Mandalay region has a population of 6,188,000.