Myanmar and its Climate
Myanmar lies between latitude 10 and 28 degrees North and longitude 92 and 101 degrees East, with most of its area in the Tropics. The largest country on mainland Southeast Asia, it covers an area of 676,577 sq-km and boasts a coastline of 2,832 km. It generally enjoys good weather; cyclones, floods, and heat or cold waves are far and between — for a neighboring country of Bangladesh.
Its geographical features are varied and striking; ranges of mountains running north to south, a vast plateau, extensive river systems, and a large delta. A forest cover on half the land is also a great help, weather-wise. From October to February is generally recommended as the best time to visit the country. But major attractions of Bagan and Mandalay lying in Central Myanmar with scanty rain, foreign tourists can come here the whole year round, and they do.
Myanmar has a tropical climate with three seasons. The hot season is from mid-February to mid-May, the rainy season from mid-May to mid-October, and the cool season from mid-October to mid-February.
The coastal and deltaic areas have an annual rainfall of about 250 cm and an average annual temperature of about 32 degrees Celsius. In these areas, depending on the season, temperatures can fluctuate between 16 to 40 degree Celsius.
In the central Belt, rainfall averages about 70 cm per annum, with temperatures ranging from 15 to 46 degrees Celsius.
Yangon is in the Ayeyarwady Delta, Lower Myanmar. An urban area with a vast population (5 million), its weather is just comfortable and nothing to boast about. In the rainy season, it rains heavily sometimes, but mostly for an hour or two only. Rains days on end seem to have become things of the past, maybe due to climate change occurring all over the globe.
Mandalay is smack in central Myanmar and enjoys a bad reputation for its sultry weather and dusty atmosphere. This generalization is a bit too harsh; Mandalay and its environs possess a lot of water bodies and wooded areas, all ready to enlighten the severity of its weather.
May and June are the hottest months. Rain usually comes in July, lasting up to September. It rains most in July and August. You could enjoy cold weather from early November onwards. The cold period in November, December, and January, the last two being the coldest months. The dry season, the open one, starts towards the end of October, great for outings and tours. From then on, festivities are seemingly endless.
Bagan, only 193 km south of Mandalay, enjoys more or less the same weather. The two are major attractions of tourism in Myanmar, both lying on the eastern bank of the famed Ayeyarwady. Moreover, the modern convenience, the air conditioner, should be able to help any wearied visitor hereabouts if needs be.
Taunggyi, or for that matter the whole Shan State, is well-known for its great weather, scenery or colorful activities.
Taunggyi, 456 miles from Yangon, is situated in southern Shan State and is the capital city of that State. It is 4,712 feet above sea level and has a moderate climate. It lies on a high plateau surrounded by high mountains.
With its salubrious mountain air, Taunggyi’s weather is conducive to good health. Even the maximum temperature during the hottest month is well under 30 degree Celsius. Rains usually come in June, lasting up to November.
April is the hottest month. January and February are the coldest months. Foreigners visit most in December when the mist falls and the cherry blooms.